The Legislative Black Caucus of Maryland came into existence out of political necessity.  In the American Two Party System, politics is a matter of adversaries and alliances.  It is, therefore, the highest political wisdom to have stable alliances with and among those of similar interests.  Thus, it was natural that when a sufficient number of black legislators had been elected they would form themselves into such a grouping.

The significant addition of a black collective legislative voice was incorporated into the Maryland Political Landscape in 1970.  The Caucus has increased from it original membership of 17 to its present complement of 43.  The attainment of this membership level is a particularly noteworthy elective accomplishment that heralds the Legislative Black Caucus of Maryland as one of the largest groups of black legislators in the United States.